Medición de la Empatía en Niños Bolivianos: Adaptación y validación de la Escala “Sentir y Pensar” de Garton y Gringart

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35319/ajayu.202107

Palabras clave:

Escala Sentir y Pensar, cuestionario de empatía, adaptación, validación, niños bolivianos

Resumen

El presente estudio exploró las potencialidades de la escala Feel & Think (F&T) modificada por Garton & Gringart (2005) para medir la empatía en niños bolivianos entre 8 y 12 años. El instrumento adaptado incluyó dos factores y 12 ítems (6 para empatía afectiva y 6 para cognitiva). Los datos pasaron por valoraciones de fiabilidad, validez divergente, concurrente y constructo a través del Análisis de componentes Principales y del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio. Los resultados mostraron una fiabilidad algo disminuida, aunque con relaciones significativas entre ítems; validez divergente adecuada comparando niños y niñas, validez concurrente significativa y validez de constructo que confirmó dos componentes (‘Sentir Preocupación’ y ‘Pensar en Ayudar’). Asimismo, el Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio arrojó valores aceptables en casi todos sus indicadores de ajuste del modelo. Finalmente, se discutió sobre la relevancia de sistemas convencionales y la conveniencia de innovar en la medición de la empatía infantil.

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Biografía del autor/a

Eric Roth, Universidad Católica Boliviana

Boliviano, psicólogo con licenciatura y maestría de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) y doctorado en psicología social y métodos por la Universidad de Granada, España. 

Fabiola Gonzáles, Universidad Mayor Juan Misael Saracho

Investigadora, boliviana

Dayanne Orellana, Universidad Católica Boliviana

Investigadora de la Unidad de Investigación Experimental (UIE) - Universidad Católica Boliviana, La Paz

Citas

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Medición de la Empatía en Niños Bolivianos: Adaptación y validación de la Escala “Sentir y Pensar” de Garton y Gringart

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Publicado

2022-08-29

Cómo citar

Roth Unzueta, E., Gonzáles, F., & Orellana, D. (2022). Medición de la Empatía en Niños Bolivianos: Adaptación y validación de la Escala “Sentir y Pensar” de Garton y Gringart. Revista AJAYU, 20(2), 222–241. https://doi.org/10.35319/ajayu.202107

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